|07-28-2004, 02:49 PM||#2|
Join Date: Jul 2001
Location: North Brunswick, NJ, USA
Camille - are you incomplete? Quadriceps start at L2, I think. Gluts at L4? I've heard of lower injuries using 2/3 of the electrodes since they had some control but I can't remember which muscle they left off. I think it was posted by Curtis.
BTW, below T12 dennervation of the muscle makes FES not possible in its current form.
Who Can Use FES?
For electrical stimulation to cause a muscle to contract, both the muscle and the nerve that connects it to the spinal cord must be intact. When a peripheral nerve is damaged, the distal part, i.e. the part furthest from the spinal cord, will degenerate and will not be excitable by electrical stimulation. This will be the case when nerve damage is caused by events such as hip or knee surgery, traumatic accident or peripheral neurophathy due to excess alcohol. It will also be the case if a spinal cord injury is below the level of T12/L1. This is because the spinal cord changes to peripheral nerves at this point. People with Motor Neurone Disease, Polio and Guillain-Barre disease are also not able to use FES because again the peripheral nerves are effected.
FES is however suitable for the following conditions:
* Multiple Sclerosis
* Spinal Cord injury above T12
* Cerebral palsy
* Traumatic Brain Injury
* Parkinson's syndrome
* Familial / Hereditory Spastic Paraplegia (FSP)
~See you at the SCIWire-used-to-be-paralyzed Reunion ~