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Thread: State Laws Bypass Stem Cell Research Ban

  1. #1
    Banned Faye's Avatar
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    Thumbs up State Laws Bypass Stem Cell Research Ban

    Posted 1/31/2006

    State laws bypass stem cell research ban

    By Gregory M. Lamb, The Christian Science Monitor
    Washington has effectively put a lid on federal efforts to advance embryonic stem-cell research. But pressure from scientists eager to expand their knowledge, special interest groups searching for new cures for diseases, and those who see a lucrative new biomedical industry has found a relief valve: the nation's 50 statehouses.
    In Coralville, Iowa, Anant Kamath demonstrates a robotic machine designed to isolate stem cells from umbilical cords or adult blood.By Jason A. Cook, Iowa City-Press Citizen/APStem-cell initiatives flowing from legislatures and governors' offices continue to gather steam, including some that permit controversial human cloning to generate embryonic stem cells. In response, opponents of such research, who find it ethically unacceptable, have also stepped up their activity in states — with some success.

    There has been an "explosion" of state activity since 2000-01, says Alissa Johnson, who tracks genetics issues for the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL). An August 2001 Bush administration mandate to restrict embryonic stem-cell research to a few existing stem-cell lines has "created a state-by-state [stem-cell] movement unprecedented in medical research," wrote Paul Sanberg, director of the Center for Aging and Brain Repair at the University of South Florida, Tampa, in October's issue of The Scientist.

    In 2005, states considered at least 180 bills or resolutions on stem-cell research, according to the NCSL. A dozen states carried over legislation into this year, and other states will have new bills introduced.

    Missouri is being watched closely. Advocates there are gathering signatures to put a measure on the November ballot that would legalize stem-cell research, including therapeutic cloning, which destroys very early human embryos, called blastocysts, in the process. The medical and business communities generally back the initiative, while groups such as the Missouri Catholic Conference and Missouri Right to Life oppose it.

    In Illinois, a bill would put a proposal to spend $1 billion on stem-cell research on the November ballot. In Maryland, a measure passed the Senate that would provide $125 million for stem-cell research. Gov. Robert Ehrlich has offered an alternative in which $20 million would be allotted for research on either embryonic or less controversial adult stem-cell research.

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    http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science...l-states_x.htm
    Last edited by Faye; 02-01-2006 at 12:15 AM.

    "There’s far too much unthinking respect given to authority,” Molly Ivins explained; “What you need is sustained outrage.”
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    Divisiveness comes from not following Christopher Reeve's ESCR lead.
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  2. #2
    Faye, can you please post topics related to legislation in this forum. Thanks. Wise.

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    Banned Faye's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Wise Young
    Faye, can you please post topics related to legislation in this forum. Thanks. Wise.
    Hey when I saw Scott Pruett post "Bush prohibits all form of cloning " in the Cure forum, I figured my post would be no different.

    You would need to move Scott Pruett's post too ( to politics), for a semblance of consistency.

    Thanks,
    Faye

    "There’s far too much unthinking respect given to authority,” Molly Ivins explained; “What you need is sustained outrage.”
    Kerr, Keirstead, McDonald, Stice and Jun Yan courageously work on ESCR to Cure SCI.

    Divisiveness comes from not following Christopher Reeve's ESCR lead.
    Young does ASCR.
    [I]I do not tear down CRPA, I ONLY make peopl

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    State laws bypass research ban

    http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0201/p13s01-stss.html


    By Gregory M. Lamb | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor

    Washington has effectively put a lid on federal efforts to advance embryonic stem-cell research. But pressure from scientists eager to expand their knowledge, special interest groups searching for new cures for diseases, and those who see a lucrative new biomedical industry has found a relief valve: the nation's 50 statehouses.

    Stem-cell initiatives flowing from legislatures and governors' offices continue to gather steam, including some that permit controversial human cloning to generate embryonic stem cells. In response, opponents of such research, who find it ethically unacceptable, have also stepped up their activity in states - with some success.


    There has been an "explosion" of state activity since 2000-01, says Alissa Johnson, who tracks genetics issues for the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL). An August 2001 Bush administration mandate to restrict embryonic stem-cell research to a few existing stem-cell lines has "created a state-by-state [stem-cell] movement unprecedented in medical research," wrote Paul Sanberg, director of the Center for Aging and Brain Repair at the University of South Florida, Tampa, in October's issue of The Scientist.

    In 2005, states considered at least 180 bills or resolutions on stem-cell research, according to the NCSL. A dozen states carried over legislation into this year, and other states will have new bills introduced.

    Missouri is being watched closely. Advocates there are gathering signatures to put a measure on the November ballot that would legalize stem-cell research, including therapeutic cloning, which destroys very early human embryos, called blastocysts, in the process. The medical and business communities generally back the initiative, while groups such as the Missouri Catholic Conference and Missouri Right to Life oppose it.

    In Illinois, a bill would put a proposal to spend $1 billion on stem-cell research on the November ballot. In Maryland, a measure passed the Senate that would provide $125 million for stem-cell research. Gov. Robert Ehrlich has offered an alternative in which $20 million would be allotted for research on either embryonic or less controversial adult stem-cell research.

    Some states have restricted research. Last year Indiana banned human cloning for any purpose, including to generate stem cells, but created a center to research adult stem cells, which are not derived from human embryos. A similar effort now is under way in Mississippi.

    Governors have been active, too. In a speech last month, Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack, possibly with a presidential bid in mind, called for a repeal of a 2002 Iowa law that bans therapeutic cloning. And in Wisconsin, Gov. Jim Doyle - who earlier vetoed a bill that would have banned embryonic stem-cell research - called on the state to spend $5 million to recruit companies doing stem-cell research. These companies could add 100,000 new jobs in the state by 2015, he argued in his January state-of-the-state address.

    Embryonic stem-cell advocates have pointed to California's $3 billion investment in stem-cell research, passed by voters in 2004, and urged their own states to keep up. But the Golden State's massive program - slowed by lawsuits and charged with a lack of transparency and accountability - has had trouble moving forward.

    "That one has kind of come to a standstill," says David Prentice, a senior fellow for life sciences at the Family Research Council in Washington, D.C., which opposes embryonic stem-cell research.

    Such a crazy quilt of state policies toward stem-cell research can create problems for scientists. "Biomedical research in general is an interstate activity involving collaboration among institutions," says Kathy Hudson, director of the Genetics & Public Policy Center at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, "so this [state-by-state approach] is really making complicated the conduct of research."

    But states are "jumping into the void," Ms. Hudson says. "The federal government is basically paralyzed. We're exactly where we were on stem-cell policy in 2001, when Bush made his pronouncement."

    January's news that a supposed breakthrough in human cloning by South Korean scientist Hwang Woo-Suk had been faked may have also left state legislators more wary about how quickly embryonic stem-cell therapies can advance. "Hwang created some negative press," says John Hlinko, one of the founders of StemPAC, a national political action committee committed to advancing all forms of stem-cell research. But in the long view, Hudson says, the Hwang debacle hasn't altered the opinion that embryonic stem-cell therapies will be an option someday and that the country will need policies to guide what practices will or won't be allowed.

    Right now, states are also performing their traditional role as testing grounds, she says. States can look at what others are doing and ask, "Did that work? ... [or] did that policy have glitches in it that we can learn from?" Where it is stimulating public discussion, Hudson says, "that has got to be a good thing."

    "It's very much an educational and, in some sense, a PR debate going on right now," says Mr. Prentice, who travels widely to speak against embryonic stem-cell research. "It's going to be a tough fight."

    A bill loosening restrictions on embryonic stem-cell research gained some momentum in Congress in 2005, including backing from Senate majority leader Bill Frist, but failed to pass.

    "The federal government is the 800-pound gorilla," Mr. Hlinko says. "It's wonderful that states are trying to do this, but it's not a substitute for federal action."

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    Tampa Bay Business Journal - 3:41 PM EST Wednesday
    Survey: Majority supports funding for all stem cell research

    The latest Tampa Bay Business Journal Business Pulse Survey is in and in response to the question asking if readers support using state money to fund stem cell research in Florida, 55 percent said state funding should go to all types of stem cell research.
    That represented 142 of the 352 votes cast. As much as 19 percent - or 50 votes -- disagreed, saying no public funds should be used for stem cell research. Close behind, 44 voters or 17 percent said Florida should fund only adult stem cell research and not provide public funding for the controversial embryonic research.

    Just 20 said that embryonic stem cell research holds more promise and should be funded more heavily, a total of 7 percent.
    </DIV>http://www.bizjournals.com/tampabay/...tml?from_rss=1

    "There’s far too much unthinking respect given to authority,” Molly Ivins explained; “What you need is sustained outrage.”
    Kerr, Keirstead, McDonald, Stice and Jun Yan courageously work on ESCR to Cure SCI.

    Divisiveness comes from not following Christopher Reeve's ESCR lead.
    Young does ASCR.
    [I]I do not tear down CRPA, I ONLY make peopl

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    Don't Deny Hope

    State Legislative Tool kits can be found here:

    http://camr.ctsg.com/

    Don't Deny Hope; Saving and Improving Lives Through Stem Cell Research

    "There’s far too much unthinking respect given to authority,” Molly Ivins explained; “What you need is sustained outrage.”
    Kerr, Keirstead, McDonald, Stice and Jun Yan courageously work on ESCR to Cure SCI.

    Divisiveness comes from not following Christopher Reeve's ESCR lead.
    Young does ASCR.
    [I]I do not tear down CRPA, I ONLY make peopl

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