• O'Leary MT, Hinks GL, Charlton HM and Franklin RJ (2002). Increasing local levels of IGF-I mRNA expression using adenoviral vectors does not alter oligodendrocyte remyelination in the CNS of aged rats. Mol Cell Neurosci. 19 (1): 32-42. Summary: IGF-I, a growth factor that contributes to developmental myelination, shows increased levels of expression within experimental models of remyelination. The pattern of IGF-I mRNA expression changes with the rate of remyelination, with peak levels of expression occurring earlier during rapid remyelination in young adult rats compared to the slower remyelination in old adult rats. In this study we have attempted to accelerate remyelination in old adult rats by using an IGF-expressing adenoviral vector (IGF-I-Ad) to bring forward the timing of peak level of IGF-I expression. Following injection of IGF-I-Ad into focal areas of lysolecithin-induced demyelination in the spinal white matter of old adult rats we created levels of IGF-I mRNA expression at 10 days that were considerably higher than those normally occurring at this time and more similar to those in young animals. However, despite the elevated levels of IGF-I mRNA expression there was no significant change in the extent of oligodendrocyte remyelination compared to saline controls or animals injected with an adenoviral vector expressing LacZ (NT-LacZ- Ad). There was a small increase in Schwann cell remyelination in IGF-I- Ad- and NT-LacZ-Ad-injected animals compared to saline controls. These results indicate that changing the levels of IGF-I directly within demyelinating lesions undergoing remyelination is not sufficient to alter remyelination and that the proremyelinating effects of systemically delivered IGF-I are unlikely to be due to direct effects on the oligodendrocyte lineage. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/htbin-post/Entrez/query?db=m&form=6&dopt=r&uid=11817896> Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ES, United Kingdom.