The CareCure Community web site ( is a non-profit and educational bulletin board sponsored by Rutgers University with the mission of providing reliable and timely information concerning care and cure of spinal cord injury. Community members often post information from other Internet sites concerning advances in research and other issues of importance to the community. Title 17 of the U.S. Code addresses "fair use" of copyrighted materials for non-profit educational purposes (section 107):
§ 107 · Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use
Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include-
  1. <LI> the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
    <LI> the nature of the copyrighted work;
    <LI> the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
    <LI> the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.
Members shall observe the following guidelines when posting copyrighted materials to or from the site:
  1. <LI> Posting of copyrighted material. When posting copyrighted material (text or image) from another internet site, either obtain permission from the copyright owners or summarize and quote only small parts (excerpts). Always indicate the author(s) and source(s) (internet address).
    <LI> Use of materials from this site. People using materials from this site ( shall obtain permission from the author(s) or excerpt the materials with credit to the author(s) and with a link to this site.
    <LI> Exempt materials. Certain public domain materials are exempt from this policy. For example, governmental materials or press releases that are clearly provided for public use can be utilized as long as the authorship and sources are properly identified.