Induction of Type IV Collagen and Other Basement-Membrane-Associated Proteins after Spinal Cord Injury of the Adult Rat May Participate in Formation of the Glial Scar [In Process Citation]

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Exp Neurol 2002 Jan;173(1):31-45 (ISSN: 0014-4886)

Liesi P; Kauppila T [Find other articles with these Authors]
The Brain Laboratory, Biomedicum Helsinki, Institute of Biomedicine (Anatomy), University of Helsinki, Haartmaninkatu 8, Helsinki, 00014, Finland.

We investigated the spatial and temporal expression of basement-membrane-forming and neurite-outgrowth-supporting matrix proteins after a unilateral dorsal root injury combined with a collagen I/laminin-1 graft and a stab wound lesion to the dorsal horn of the adult rat spinal cord. Ten days after injury, the gamma1 laminin was induced in the reactive glia. At this early stage, the glial cells failed to express type IV collagen and the alpha1 laminin. One month after injury, reactive astrocytes in the dorsal horn of the lesioned side expressed gamma1 laminin, type IV collagen, and the alpha1 laminin whereas astrocytes of the normal spinal cord or the uninjured contralateral dorsal horn were negative. Both astrocytes and neurons of the ipsilateral ventral horn were induced to express laminin-1 and gamma1 laminin. Astrocytes of the ipsilateral ventral horn also expressed type IV collagen. Simultaneously with the changes in expression of the extracellular matrix proteins, the expression pattern of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) was markedly altered after spinal cord injury. In normal and contralateral spinal cord, FGF-2 was expressed in nerve fibers, but its expression changed from neuronal into glial in the ipsilateral spinal cord within 1 month after injury. Four months after injury, expression of both type IV collagen and the alpha1 laminin had declined, but the astrocytes at the injury site continued expressing the gamma1 laminin. Cultured astrocytes were negative for type IV collagen, but several cytokines, including IL-1beta and TGFbeta1, induced expression of type IV collagen in the astrocytes. These factors also increased deposition of type IV collagen matrix in the glial cultures. These results indicate that type IV collagen and the alpha1 laminin are induced in reactive astrocytes after spinal cord injury in vivo. Induction of type IV collagen in astrocytes in vitro by cytokines indicates that blood-borne or local factors at the injury site may induce the spinal cord glial expression of type IV collagen in vivo. Simultaneous expression of laminin-1 and alpha1 laminin with type IV collagen is known to lead to production of basement membranes. This may hamper the neurite-outgrowth-promoting potential of the gamma1 laminin by initiating formation of the glial scar. (c)2002 Elsevier Science.

Language: English
MEDLINE Indexing Date: 200201
Publication Type: Status: In-Process
Publication Type: Journal Article
PreMedline Identifier: 0011771937
Unique NLM Identifier: 21634365
Journal Code: IM