Results 1 to 2 of 2

Thread: The effects of FES cycling combined with virtual reality racing biofeedback

  1. #1

    The effects of FES cycling combined with virtual reality racing biofeedback

    J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2019 Nov 27;16(1):149

    The effects of FES cycling combined with virtual reality racing biofeedback on voluntary function after incomplete SCI: a pilot study.

    Duffell LD1, Paddison S2, Alahmary AF3, Donaldson N4, Burridge J3.

    Author information
    1
    Department of Medical Physics & Biomedical Engineering, University College London, Malet Place Engineering Building, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK. l.duffell@ucl.ac.uk.
    2
    London Spinal Cord Injury Centre, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, UK.
    3
    Faculty of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
    4
    Department of Medical Physics & Biomedical Engineering, University College London, Malet Place Engineering Building, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.
    Abstract
    BACKGROUND:
    Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) cycling can benefit health and may lead to neuroplastic changes following incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Our theory is that greater neurological recovery occurs when electrical stimulation of peripheral nerves is combined with voluntary effort. In this pilot study, we investigated the effects of a one-month training programme using a novel device, the iCycle, in which voluntary effort is encouraged by virtual reality biofeedback during FES cycling.

    METHODS:
    Eleven participants (C1-T12) with incomplete SCI (5 sub-acute; 6 chronic) were recruited and completed 12-sessions of iCycle training. Function was assessed before and after training using the bilateral International Standards for Neurological Classification of SCI (ISNC-SCI) motor score, Oxford power grading, Modified Ashworth Score, Spinal Cord Independence Measure, the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury and 10 m-walk test. Power output (PO) was measured during all training sessions.

    RESULTS:
    Two of the 6 participants with chronic injuries, and 4 of the 5 participants with sub-acute injuries, showed improvements in ISNC-SCI motor score > 8 points. Median (IQR) improvements were 3.5 (6.8) points for participants with a chronic SCI, and 8.0 (6.0) points for those with sub-acute SCI. Improvements were unrelated to other measured variables (age, time since injury, baseline ISNC-SCI motor score, baseline voluntary PO, time spent training and stimulation amplitude; p > 0.05 for all variables). Five out of 11 participants showed moderate improvements in voluntary cycling PO, which did not correlate with changes in ISNC-SCI motor score. Improvement in PO during cycling was positively correlated with baseline voluntary PO (R2 = 0.50; p < 0.05), but was unrelated to all other variables (p > 0.05). The iCycle was not suitable for participants who were too weak to generate a detectable voluntary torque or whose effort resulted in a negative torque.

    CONCLUSIONS:
    Improved ISNC-SCI motor scores in chronic participants may be attributable to the iCycle training. In sub-acute participants, early spontaneous recovery and changes due to iCycle training could not be distinguished. The iCycle is an innovative progression from existing FES cycling systems, and positive results should be verified in an adequately powered controlled trial.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION:
    ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03834324. Registered 06 February 2019 - Retrospectively registered, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03834324. Protocol V03, dated 06.08.2015.

    KEYWORDS:
    Biofeedback; Cycling; Functional electrical stimulation; ISNC-SCI motor score; Spinal cord injury; Virtual reality

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31771600
    “As the cast of villains in SCI is vast and collaborative, so too must be the chorus of hero's that rise to meet them” Ramer et al 2005

  2. #2
    Sounds promising, where can we get one?

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 0
    Last Post: 08-19-2016, 09:12 PM
  2. Replies: 0
    Last Post: 02-28-2011, 03:38 PM
  3. Replies: 3
    Last Post: 02-03-2011, 11:33 AM
  4. Virtual vs. Reality
    By Diamond Downs in forum Life
    Replies: 48
    Last Post: 06-24-2004, 02:23 AM
  5. Replies: 0
    Last Post: 07-28-2002, 05:08 PM

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •