The epidural stimulation clinical trial in Minneapolis, Minnesota began enrolling today! You can find out more at this website.

Here is the inclusion and exclusion criteria:
Inclusion Criteria:
  1. 22 years of age or older
  2. Able to undergo the informed consent process
  3. Stable, motor-complete paraplegia
  4. Discrete spinal cord injury between C6 and T10
  5. ASIA A or B Spinal Cord Injury Classification
  6. Medically stable
  7. Intact segmental reflexes below the lesion of injury
  8. Greater than 1 year since initial injury and at least 6 months from any required spinal instrumentation
  9. Willing to attend all scheduled appointments

Exclusion Criteria:
  1. Diseases and conditions that would increase the morbidity and mortality of spinal cord injury surgery (e.g. cardiopulmonary issues)
  2. Inability to withhold antiplatelet/anticoagulation agents perioperatively
  3. Significant dysautonomia
  4. Botulinum toxin injections in the previous 6 months
  5. Volitional movements present during EMG testing in bilateral lower extremities
  6. Unhealed spinal fracture
  7. Presence of significant contracture
  8. Presence of pressure ulcers
  9. Recurrent urinary tract infection refractory to antibiotics
  10. Current Pregnancy