• Takeuchi A, Miyamoto K, Sugiyama S, Saitou M, Hosoe H and Shimizu K (2003). Spinal arachnoid cysts associated with syringomyelia: report of two cases and a review of the literature. J Spinal Disord Tech 16:207-11. Summary: We describe two cases of spinal arachnoid cyst associated with syringomyelia and report the clinical results after surgical treatment using excision of the cyst without a shunt operation for the syringomyelia. Case 1 is a 73-year-old woman who presented with a spastic gait and numbness of her bilateral lower extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed the presence of a spinal arachnoid cyst extending from T3 to T8 and syringomyelia from T8 to T10. The cyst had compressed the spinal cord anteriorly. We excised the cyst without applying a shunt tube for the syringomyelia. Case 2 is a 68-year-old woman who presented with gait disturbance and numbness of her left lower extremity. MRI indicated that the spinal cord had been compressed anteriorly by a spinal arachnoid cyst extending from T10 to T11. Syringomyelia existed just caudal to the cyst at T11. In our surgical treatment, we excised only the cyst. In both cases, neurologic examination after the operation showed amelioration of the condition. Postoperative MRI indicated that the spinal cord had moved to the center, its original position, and the syringomyelia had decreased in size. Conclusively, spinal arachnoid cyst associated with syringomyelia can be treated by simple excision of the cyst without shunting the syrinx if the decompression effect resulting from removal of the cyst is sufficient.