Quote Originally Posted by ian View Post
It will never be explored properly, no one can put a patent on it. There are plenty of naturally occurring potent anti inflamatory substances which can be tried.
This is not true.

1. Ann Neurol. 2011 Jul;70(1):84-92. doi: 10.1002/ana.22363. Antioxidants halt axonal degeneration in a mouse model of X-adrenoleukodystrophy. López-Erauskin J, Fourcade S, Galino J, Ruiz M, Schlüter A, Naudi A, Jove M, Portero-Otin M, Pamplona R, Ferrer I, Pujol A. Neurometabolic Diseases Laboratory, The Bellvitge Institute of Biomedical Research, Hospitalet de Liobregat, Barcelona, Spain. OBJECTIVE: Axonal degeneration is a main contributor to disability in progressive neurodegenerative diseases in which oxidative stress is often identified as a pathogenic factor. We aim to demonstrate that antioxidants are able to improve axonal degeneration and locomotor deficits in a mouse model of X-adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD). METHODS: X-ALD is a lethal disease caused by loss of function of the ABCD1 peroxisomal transporter of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA). The mouse model for X-ALD exhibits a late onset neurological phenotype with locomotor disability and axonal degeneration in spinal cord resembling the most common phenotype of the disease, adrenomyeloneuropathy (X-AMN). Recently, we identified oxidative damage as an early event in life, and the excess of VLCFA as a generator of radical oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative damage to proteins in X-ALD. RESULTS: Here, we prove the capability of the antioxidants N-acetyl-cysteine, α-lipoic acid, and α-tocopherol to scavenge VLCFA-dependent ROS generation in vitro. Furthermore, in a preclinical setting, the cocktail of the 3 compounds reversed: (1) oxidative stress and lesions to proteins, (2) immunohistological signs of axonal degeneration, and (3) locomotor impairment in bar cross and treadmill tests. INTERPRETATION: We have established a direct link between oxidative stress and axonal damage in a mouse model of neurodegenerative disease. This conceptual proof of oxidative stress as a major disease-driving factor in X-AMN warrants translation into clinical trials for X-AMN, and invites assessment of antioxidant strategies in axonopathies in which oxidative damage might be a contributing factor.


Recruiting for Phase II Clinical Trial