Neuroimmunomodulation. 2010 Mar 5;17(4):270-278.

Passive Immunization with LINGO-1 Polyclonal Antiserum Afforded Neuroprotection and Promoted Functional Recovery in a Rat Model of Spinal Cord Injury.

Lv J, Xu RX, Jiang XD, Lu X, Ke YQ, Cai YQ, Du MX, Hu C, Zou YX, Qin LS, Zeng YJ.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Institute of Guangdong, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

LINGO-1 (leucine-rich repeat and Ig domain-containing, Nogo receptor-interacting protein) is an important component of the NgR receptor complex involved in RhoA activation and axon regeneration. The authors report on passive immunization with LINGO-1 polyclonal antiserum, a therapeutic approach to overcome NgR-mediated growth inhibition after spinal cord injury (SCI). The intrathecally administered high-titer rabbit-derived antiserum can be detected around the injury site within a wide time window; it blocks LINGO-1 in vivo with high molecular specificity. In this animal model, passive immunization with LINGO-1 antiserum significantly decreased RhoA activation and increased neuronal survival. Adult rats immunized in this manner show recovery of certain hindlimb motor functions after dorsal hemisection of the spinal cord. Thus, passive immunotherapy with LINGO-1 polyclonal antiserum may represent a promising repair strategy following acute SCI. Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.