This is an excellent historical review now archived on the "American Experience" website.
In vitro fertilization began in World War II, with the first human birth taking place in the early 1970s.
Of course, the irony of those opposed to IVF now irrationally "defending" it against ESC is all too apparent.
Produced in PBS impeccable quality.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/babies/