06-22-2002, 11:24 AM
• Cruse JM, Wang H, Lewis RE, Cespedes J, Morrison RS, 3rd, Lineaweaver WC and Dilioglou S (2002). Cellular and molecular alterations in spinal cord injury patients with pressure ulcers: a preliminary report. Exp Mol Pathol. 72 (2): 124-31. Summary: The study was designed to investigate the changes, both numerically and functionally, of the molecules critical to wound healing in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. Spinal cord injury patients who demonstrated delayed healing of their pressure ulcers were used as study subjects. Age-matched healthy individuals served as controls. Adhesion molecule expression of the peripheral blood leukocytes, including lymphocytes and granulocytes, was measured by flow cytometric analysis. Binding capacity of the lymphocytes was evaluated using human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as the binding matrix. Samples from pressure ulcers of the patients were immunostained to define fibronectin, kalinin, beta4 integrin, alpha2beta1, alpha3beta1, alpha5beta1, and CD138 expression. Compared to healthy controls, there was decreased expression of CD11a, CD11b, CD18, CD49b, CD49c, CD49d, CD54, and CD8 in patients' lymphocyte populations and CD11a, CD18, CD49c, CD49d, and CD8 in patients' granulocyte populations. The binding capacity, expressed as percentage binding of the lymphocytes to the HUVEC matrix, was greatly diminished in the patients. There was markedly diminished immunohistochemical staining of fibronectin in pressure ulcers. These findings showed that delayed healing of pressure ulcers in SCI patients can be attributed to reduced adhesion molecule expression, impaired cell-cell interaction, and lack of extracellular matrix structural and functional protein. Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, Mississippi 39216-4505, USA. email@example.com.