07-06-2003, 08:11 PM
• Lipson AC, Widenfalk J, Lindqvist E, Ebendal T and Olson L (2003). Neurotrophic properties of olfactory ensheathing glia. Exp Neurol 180:167-71. Summary: Olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) constitute a specialized population of glia that accompany primary olfactory axons and have been reported to facilitate axonal regeneration after spinal cord injury in vivo. In the present report we describe OEC neurotrophic factor expression and neurotrophic properties of OECs in vitro. Investigation of the rat olfactory system during development and adulthood by radioactive in situ hybridization revealed positive labeling in the olfactory nerve layer for the neurotrophic molecules S-100beta, CNTF, BMP-7/OP-1, and artemin, as well as for the neurotrophic factor receptors RET and TrkC. Ribonuclease protection assay of cultured OEC revealed expression of NGF, BDNF, GDNF, and CNTF mRNA, while NT3 and NT4 mRNA were not detectable. In vitro bioassays of neurotrophic activity involved coculturing of adult OEC with embryonic chick ganglia and demonstrated increased neurite outgrowth from sympathetic, ciliary, and Remak's ganglia. However, when culturing the ganglia with OEC-conditioned medium, neurite outgrowth was not stimulated to any detectable extent. Our results suggest that the neurotrophic properties of OEC may involve secretion of neurotrophic molecules but that cellular interactions are crucial. Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.